There are often lectures at the university. Often, these run in groups, and each member of a group holds a subsection on an area of the subject area. In most cases, the lecturer prescribes appropriate literature and sometimes explains how he approximates the presentation. In addition, students in the first semester usually receive information on scientific work and how to research research literature, an example of which is the guide of the University of Giessen. When preparing your presentation, think about these guidelines and stick to both these and the arrangements made with your referral group.
Preparations for the presentation
Start preparing your presentation early so you can quickly find out if you still need advice. If anything is unclear to you, do not be afraid to consult your lecturer. Even if you do not know anything about the division of the presentation – your topic overlaps, for example, with the sub-topic of another speaker – then swap yourself early enough, so that no-one works for nothing.
Also make sure that your part of the handout is completed on time and forwarded to the appropriate person. If you need to make copies, slides or PowerPoint presentations, prepare them well in advance! Not infrequently on the very day of the presentation the copier or computer is on strike, and you are in need of explanation.
What a paper is about
From a presentation often arises the idea for the topic of a seminar paper. However, when preparing your presentation, make sure that you do not focus too much on special things or lose in details. Your presentation should provide a good overview of the respective topic. However, it should not be too superficial.
The best remedy for stage fright
Not a few students suffer from stage fright before or during a presentation. What works best against stage fright before the presentation: The perfect preparation! The more you burn for the topic, the less you feel your excitement in the actual lecture. For this reason, it is advisable – if you have the opportunity – from the outset to select a topic that really interests you. In order to find such a lecture topic, you need a good overview of the subject, because you do not always know immediately what is meant by this or that subject area.
As a consolation for those who have not received their dream theme: Often arises in the course of dealing with the subject of a certain enthusiasm. The more you deal with the topic, the more interesting it becomes for you.
The most important keywords on small cards
It is important that you have internalized the topic so well that you are able to speak freely. Nothing is worse than monotonously downloaded, read-aloud papers that are guaranteed to make your fellow students fall asleep. So that you do not forget a key point during your lecture – if you have really talked into rage, you lose yourself quickly in details and forget to mention important points – write best individual words – no whole texts – on small cards. Make sure the cards look well-groomed so that you make a good impression at the presentation.
In addition, there is a risk that you will not be able to read your own writing later. It is therefore recommended to write as beautiful as possible. Alternative: Type the phrases in a not too small font size with the PC and stick the printed sheets on cards. To make it even clearer: mark individual words or phrases that you want to emphasize with highlighters.
Building a Unit – Illustrations relax
Make sure your paper is structured properly: an introduction that leads to the topic and a well-structured body are important. Loosen up the structure of your presentation with short questions and also pay attention to how you can make your presentation as pleasant as possible for the audience: How can the topic be illustrated? Are there interesting pictures or audio files? Depending on the topic, you may also have certain items at your disposal that contribute to the illustration. Even one or the other funny quote can ensure that your classmates will never forget your presentation again.
Which questions c ould be asked?
Very important in the preparation of the presentation is also that you are perfectly prepared for the final discussion. What questions might your presentation raise? To which neighboring areas does the topic border? Are you sure that you have a good overview of the research situation and can answer and explain questions. So that some questions do not even arise, make sure that you provide enough information to your fellow students.
Make sure that the language is clear: Foreign words that you have not known before preparing for your presentation, will not know your audience! Provide enough definitions and synonyms with the appropriate sources. Maybe there will be an interesting discussion after your talk. As you prepare, consider how to best moderate this discussion.
The requirements for self-confident appearance in the presentation
Remedy for stage fright Number 2: Pay attention to an absolutely neat appearance on the day of the presentation. A too tight T-shirt can lead to uncertainty, and feel the audience too. If you appear perfectly styled (but not overdressed) to your presentation and you feel really comfortable in your body, you have a completely different charisma, seem confident and can fully concentrate on your presentation.
Practice the lecture at home in front of the mirror
Again, back to the keyword “preparation”: Who wants to be on the safe side, practice the presentation at home in front of the mirror. Of course, the situation in which the lecturer and the classmates are present, hard to adjust at home. But if you hold the presentation at home in front of the mirror or in front of your friend / brother, etc., you may notice some linguistic or substantive weaknesses in your presentation (or uncertainties such as “How do you pronounce that word?”), Which you can fix in time can. In addition, you will notice soon enough if your presentation breaks the time frame. Redesign your text accordingly.
Did I forget anything else?
Sometimes one has the feeling of forgetting something just before a presentation. To make sure that does not happen to you, it’s best to read through all the points in this text once again and also check whether you are ready for your presentation using the list provided by the University of Bielefeld.
There is no master yet fallen from the sky
In the course of your studies you will give many lectures. You will notice that from time to time you have less problems preparing and holding the presentation. You will gain practice in the research of the research literature and in dealing with it. In addition, during the course of your studies, you will develop into an expert in your subject and be able to argue and argue on a completely different level than in the first semester.